Theory & Practice : Information structures
The grid plan, or grid street plan, is a type of city plan where the streets run at right angles to each other, forming a grid.
Arguably, the most famous grid plan in history is the plan for New York City formulated in the Commissioners’ Plan of 1811. A large and busy city such as New York city needed easy navigation for it’s transport, which is why this grid system works well.
“The way the grid works in Manhattan is that east-west routes are called “streets”. They are numbered in order from south to north, beginning with 1st Street, which is immediately north of Houston Street where the plan took effect, although, since Greenwich Village already existed along the Hudson River, the full grid running from river to river isn’t found untli you get a little further norht at 14th Street.
Intersecting these “Streets” at right angles are routes called “Avenues”. Obviously, if Streets run east-west, then “Avenues” run north-south. Most of the Avenues in the original plan had numbers, beginning with First Avenue at the East River, and ending with Twelfth Avenue at the Hudson. The Streets were all regularly spaced, but the Avenues had to take into account some existing roads, and so they were not placed at even distances from each other. Over time, it was decided that the distance from Third to Fourth was too long, and so a new Avenue was created.” – http://www.tripadvisor.co.uk/ShowTopic-g60763-i5-k4234761-Grid_system_East_West_etc_Is_it_easy_to_navigate-New_York_City_New_York.html
Bauhaus architect,Ernst Neufert, proposed a method for totalization of the grid in the planning and construction process. A possibly endless grid connects all buildings of the construction site.
Starting from a standardized paper format , which years later became the DIN-format, “Die Brücke” designed plans for libraries, office rooms, hotel receptions etc.
Objectified Film Poster Designed by Michael C. Place and his studiomates at Build.
“Three Musicians” by Picasso.
A scene from “Citizen Kane”.
The grid system works with web design, as it would with most visual pieces. Panels and sections create order in a website, and so we’re not met with information and images crammed in with one another. It creates a manageable structure for us to navigate.